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Importance of Participatory Rural Appraisal in Water Supply and Sanitation Project.

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Watershed Management to Meet Water Quality Standards and Emerging TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Proceedings of the Third Conference 5-9 March 2005 (Atlanta, Georgia USA) Publication Date 5 March 2005  701P0105.(doi:10.13031/2013.18126)
Authors:   H. Ramesh and Dr. A. Mahesha

Planning and design of any project is totally a tough task. Failure and success depends on both level of planning and design of such projects. Earlier people followed the traditional and technical approach. This could have caused the failure of such schemes. A well and sustainable project should be based on participatory approach. This paper emphasizes the importance of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) in water supply and sanitation project. The study was conducted at villages in Haveri district, Karnataka, INDIA to prepare water supply and sanitation scheme. If PRA is done effectively, nearly fifty percent of project planning can be prepared. The details of PRA, its method and outcomes are discussed and mapped in this paper for a single village. The maps like village Resource map, Seasonal map, Wealth map and Operation and Maintenance maps were prepared in conjunction with village people and the experts. Existing and proposed components of water supply and sanitation were marked on resource map by people with different colors. Seasonal map (calendar) helps in allocating and utilization of resources in different seasons whereas Wealth map gives finance generation in different seasons from people to contribute to the project. Hence PRA, if effectively done, sustainability of project components will be achieved. Therefore PRA plays an important role in any integrated water resources planning and management.

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