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How Onsite Wastewater Reuse System Provided the Answer to an Economic Development Problem in an Ohio Community

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Watershed Management to Meet Water Quality Standards and Emerging TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Proceedings of the Third Conference 5-9 March 2005 (Atlanta, Georgia USA) Publication Date 5 March 2005  701P0105.(doi:10.13031/2013.18097)
Authors:   Howard Wingert

The paper/presentation focuses on the environmental and economic impact of a recently installed onsite wastewater treatment system servicing a rural business park where no central sanitary system was available. The onsite STEP treatment system became the only affordable option available for wastewater disposal for the project. The treatment system is unique in Ohio in that it is the first in the state to incorporate a re-circulating sand filter, drip dispersion, and treated effluent for reuse in flushing toilet fixtures. The system has been in operation since January 2003. Total effluent reuse is running at approximately 80%, thus limiting total daily discharge into the environment to less than 200 gallons per day at a facility operating with over 65 people (3 gallons/day/person). The presentation focuses on the planning, installation/construction, treatment, and ongoing maintenance of the system. The presentation includes photographs and video footage of installation and testing of the system components. The physical system includes: 10 pre-cast concrete tanks used to contain and treat the system effluent; 46' x 28' re-circulating sand filter, equipment for generating ozone and injection for treating the effluent; a system for chlorination disinfection; pressurized drip dispersion; and, a central computer system for operating and monitoring the system. The presentation, also, involves information regarding the co-operative effort between the project developer, local sanitary officials and state environmental agencies to approve the system.

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