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Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Watershed Management to Meet Water Quality Standards and Emerging TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Proceedings of the Third Conference 5-9 March 2005 (Atlanta, Georgia USA) Publication Date 5 March 2005  701P0105.(doi:10.13031/2013.18052)
Authors:   M.L. Christian, R.W. Graber, R.L. Frisbie, W.W. Bell, D.L. Devlin, and W.L. Hargrove
Keywords:   Fecal coliform bacteria, best management practices, non-point source pollution, TMDL

Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) have been established for the 12 major river basins in Kansas, based on impairments within watersheds. The majority of the stream impairments can be contributed to fecal coliform bacteria (now being converted to E. Coli bacteria). The major nonpoint sources for this contaminant include humans, livestock, and wildlife.

For these non-point sources, the focus of the Kansas State University (K-State) watershed specialists include giving technical assistance; providing educational outreach; and directing financial resources toward placing best management practices in critical contributing areas of the watersheds.

The primary emphasis of this project has been to help livestock producers whose facilities have significant water pollution potential. In Kansas, any facility with an animal unit capacity of 300 or more must register with the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE). Additionally, any facility that has the potential to cause significant water pollution must register with KDHE.

K-State watershed specialists provide opportunities for livestock producers to explore facility designs and layouts that producers may not be able to develop alone. By providing conceptual drawings and plans for management changes, watershed specialists have helped livestock producers reduce the potential for pollution from their facilities, and be in compliance with the state regulations. The watershed specialists experience and knowledge can help producers understand the changes in design and accept management practices to reduce pollutant contributions.

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