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IMPLEMENTING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES TO REDUCE NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org
Citation: Watershed Management to Meet Water Quality Standards and Emerging TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Proceedings of the Third Conference 5-9 March 2005 (Atlanta, Georgia USA) Publication Date 5 March 2005 701P0105.(doi:10.13031/2013.18052)
Authors: M.L. Christian, R.W. Graber, R.L. Frisbie, W.W. Bell, D.L. Devlin, and W.L. Hargrove
Keywords: Fecal coliform bacteria, best management practices, non-point source pollution, TMDL
Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) have been established for the 12 major river basins in
Kansas, based on impairments within watersheds. The majority of the stream impairments can be
contributed to fecal coliform bacteria (now being converted to E. Coli bacteria). The major nonpoint
sources for this contaminant include humans, livestock, and wildlife.
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For these non-point sources, the focus of the Kansas State University (K-State) watershed
specialists include giving technical assistance; providing educational outreach; and directing
financial resources toward placing best management practices in critical contributing areas of the
The primary emphasis of this project has been to help livestock producers whose facilities have
significant water pollution potential. In Kansas, any facility with an animal unit capacity of 300
or more must register with the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE).
Additionally, any facility that has the potential to cause significant water pollution must register
K-State watershed specialists provide opportunities for livestock producers to explore facility
designs and layouts that producers may not be able to develop alone. By providing conceptual
drawings and plans for management changes, watershed specialists have helped livestock
producers reduce the potential for pollution from their facilities, and be in compliance with the
state regulations. The watershed specialists experience and knowledge can help producers
understand the changes in design and accept management practices to reduce pollutant