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Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:   No Citation available.
Authors:   Gill, William R., and Glen E. Vanden Berg
Keywords:   Section Headings and Keywords: Soil Dynamics, Soil Science, Tillage, Traction, Soil as a Physical System, Dynamic Parameters, Measuring Gross Dynamic Behavior, Movement, Dynamic Parameters, Measuring Independent Parameters, Shear, Friction, Measuring Composite Parameters, Penetration, Bearing Strength, Induced Strength, Rupture, Blast, Erosion, Abrasion

Soil is a granular medium that varies in composition from organic peat to gravel and that may contain various amounts of water. The soil physical system is continually being subjected to external forces and is, therefore, dynamic. These external forces may be environmental (climate, plants, animals, and micro-organisms) or mechanical (forces applied by man using some type of machine). The specific reaction of the soil to these forces is of interest. The forces provide the means for changing soil from one condition into another and the reaction indicates the kind and degree of change. If one is to be able either to maintain a soil condition or to change it to a more suitable condition, he must first have an understanding of soil behavior; this behavior must eventually be properly described. Soil conditions and properties, widely varying types of forces, and widely varying types of behavior must all be included in any description before the description can be satisfactory. The obvious complexity of such a description requires that broad but realistic classifications of reactions and soil conditions must be made. The conce pt of dynamic properties presented in chapter 2 is an attempt to make such a classification.

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