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COSTS OF INDIVIDUAL ONSITE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Paper number 701P0104, . (doi: 10.13031/2013.15769)
Authors: J. R. Williams, G. M. Powell, R. D. Jones, A. Murat, and W. R. Perry
Keywords: wastewater system, wastewater treatment, septic system, lagoon, cost analysis.
We evaluated the results of a survey designed to elicit the cost of installing and operating onsite
wastewater treatment systems in Kansas. The Kansas Department of Health and Environment
reports that a significant number of stream miles in Kansas are impaired by pathogen indicator
organisms (fecal coliforms). One source of contamination by fecal coliforms is inadequate
individual wastewater treatment systems. Therefore, residents and state policy makers are
interested in cost information for installing new systems. This information can be used to design
a policy to encourage installation of new systems and replacement of failed systems. Two types
of systems are most often used: septic tank-soil absorption systems and wastewater stabilization
ponds or lagoons. Individual wastewater treatment system installers were surveyed regarding the
type, costs, and distribution of each type of individual system being installed by area of the state.