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Fecal Coliform and E.coli in Surface Runoff and Subsurface Tile Drainage from Manure and Fertilizer Treated Field Plots.
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Paper number 032319, 2003 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.15397)
Authors: Howard Y.F. Ng, Jennifer Sifton, Ramesh Rudra and John Whiteside
Keywords: Surface runoff, subsurface drainage, liquid manure, fecal coliform, E. coli
The total coliform and E.coli density in surface runoff and in tile effluent were
investigated in two field plots. One of the field plots was treated with fresh liquid manure at
10,000 L/ha while the other plot maintained no manure treatment. The cumulative coliform count
in surface runoff from the manure treated plot was about 1.4 (9225/6716) times more than the
non-manure treated plot. The cumulative E. coli count in surface runoff from the manure treated
plot was about 1.9 (3472/192) times more than the non-manure treated plot. This implies that
manure had potentially impacted the surface runoff.
The ratio of cumulative coliform between the manure treated plot and the non-manure treated
plot in tile effluent is almost equal, being 1.1 (5071/4777). Similarly, the ratio of cumulative E.coli
between the manure treated plot to the non-manure treated plot in tile effluent is 1.9 (234/125)
suggesting that the manure treated plot promoted potential leaching of E.coli through soil
medium to tile drainage water.