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Fuel Property Effects on Biodiesel
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Paper number 036034, 2003 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.15048) @2003
Authors: Mustafa Ertunc Tat, Jon H. Van Gerpen
Keywords: biodiesel, diesel fuel, alkyl esters, diesel engine, fuel injection, diesel combustion, diesel emission, NOx emission
Biodiesel is an environmentally friendly alternative diesel fuel obtained from renewable
resources, such as vegetable oils, animal fats, and recycled restaurant greases. It is described in
ASTM standard D 6751-02 as: a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived
from vegetable oils or animal fats. Biodiesel is oxygenated, sulfur-free, biodegradable, and nontoxic.
One of the attractive characteristics of biodiesel is that it does not require any significant
modifications to the diesel engine, so the engine does not have to be dedicated for biodiesel.
However, due to its different properties, such as a higher cetane number, lower volatility, and lower
energy content, biodiesel may cause some changes in the engine performance and emissions.