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Properties of Wax Extracted from Banana Leaves

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  036026,  2003 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.14121) @2003
Authors:   Takashi Yanagida, Naoto Shimizu, Toshinori Kimura
Keywords:   banana leaf, tropical countries, waste utilization, wax

Three banana varieties were used to recover waxes from banana leaves. Wax yields of Musa liukiuensis, M. acuminata and M. chilicarpa were 0.58%, 1.05% and 1.41% per dry weight, respectively. The melting point of banana waxes were 78 - 82 C, were higher than commercial natural waxes except carunauba wax. The components of M. chilicarpa were similar to carunauba wax by thin layer chromatography analysis. Fatty acids with carbon numbers ranging from C14 to C30 were detected in M. chilicarpa leaf wax after saponification. C22 fatty acid was most abundant in these fatty acids.

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