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Field evaluation of bacteria removal in a VFS

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  032150,  2003 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.14018) @2003
Authors:   Kyle R. Mankin, Cairo G. Okoren
Keywords:   Livestock waste management, vegetative filter strips

Strategies are sought to reduce the impact of nonpoint sources of pollution, including fecal bacteria, and meet TMDL criteria. Vegetative filter strips (VFSs) are one such strategy. VFSs were found to be effective in removing abroad range of constituents from beef feedlot runoff pretreated by a settling basin. The first 30 m provided most or all of the reductions found within the 150-m VFSs studied: reductions average 85% of inflow water, 85% of sediment, 77% of N, and 84% of P. Fecal bacteria removal by the VFSs was on the order of 1-log: reductions at 30 m ranged from 83.5% for FC and FS to 91% for E. coli. On the site being studied, this provided an important level of protection and reduced surface-flow concentrations of fecal coliforms to below the 200 cfu/100 mL water-quality standard.

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