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Application of Fuzzy-Neural Network in Classification of Soils using Ground-penetrating Radar Imagery

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  023097,  2002 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.11691) @2002
Authors:   Lameck O. Odhiambo, Robert S. Freeland, Ronald E. Yoder, J. Wesley Hines
Keywords:   Automation, Clustering, Soil mapping, Soil survey, Unsupervised classification, Fuzzy neural network

Errors associated with visual inspection and interpretations of radargrams often inhibit the intensive surveying of widespread areas using ground-penetrating radar (GPR). To automate the interpretive process, this paper presents an application of a fuzzy-neural network (F-NN) classifier for unsupervised clustering and classification of soil profiles using GPR imagery. The classifier clusters and classifies soil profile strips along a traverse based on common pattern similarities that can relate to physical features of the soil (e.g., number of horizons; depth, texture and structure of the horizons; and relative arrangement of the horizons, etc). This paper illustrates this classification procedure by its application on GPR data, both simulated and actual real-world data. Results show that the procedure is able to classify the profile into zones that corresponded with those obtained by visual inspection and interpretation of radargrams. Results indicate that an F-NN model can supply real-time soil profile clustering and classification during field surveys.

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