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Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Pp. 368-375 in Fifth International Dairy Housing Proceedings of the 29-31 January 2003 Conference (Fort Worth, Texas USA)  701P0203.(doi:10.13031/2013.11646)
Authors:   José R. Bicudo, Kevin A. Janni, Larry D. Jacobson and David R. Schmidt
Keywords:   Odor, hydrogen sulfide, manure, dairy, housing, storage

Ambient H2S air concentrations were measured continuously for a period of approximately 30 days around a manure storage basin at a 700-dairy cow operation in Minnesota. Manure was agitated and pumped from the basin during the first week of monitoring. Odor samples were taken on two different occasions during the monitoring period using a wind tunnel placed just above the manure basin surface. Odor plume measurements were also made, but on a single day only.

Barn emissions did not seem to contribute much to hydrogen sulfide concentrations measured around the manure storage. This was verified by sorting the H2S measurements obtained when wind was blowing from the barn toward the manure storage for the two monitors located at the south side of the basin. Mean H2S concentrations downwind of the barn were between 0.02 and 5.7 ppb, while mean H2S concentrations around the storage varied between 0.9 and 20 ppb.

A limited number of odor samples taken during the monitoring period suggested that the manure storage contributed significantly to odor emission as compared to the barn. Emission from the storage was between 7 and 10 OU/m2-s, while emission from the barn was between 2 and 3 OU/m2-s. Odor plume measurements taken at 60 and 120 m downwind from the barn indicated a decrease of 10 OU per 60 m.

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