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Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Pp. 361-367 in Fifth International Dairy Housing Proceedings of the 29-31 January 2003 Conference (Fort Worth, Texas USA)  701P0203.(doi:10.13031/2013.11645)
Authors:   W. G. Bickert
Keywords:   Dairy farms, manures, environmental impact, air quality, water quality, society

The challenges in manure management today result directly from evolutions related to technology and economics. Animal manure, once viewed as an important soil conditioner and a source of crop nutrients is now viewed as a waste and potential pollutant. Anaerobic digestion, an important means to reduce manure odor, has not been attractive because the energy produced can often be obtained more cheaply elsewhere. The increased size and concentration of animal operations, resulting from advances in technology and the nature of the economic and political systems in this country, have alienated some segments of the population. Changing society’s perspective of manure to that of a resource is an important step in efforts to improve the image of animal agriculture. This paper examines other opportunities related to manure; e.g., developing guidelines for animal agriculture based on community involvement and input from people having a wide variety of perspectives and viewpoints, addressing manure-related problems and issues by multi-disciplinary groups representing several subject matter areas and viewing the manure management system on the dairy farm as a profit center.

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