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Improvement Of Basin Irrigation For Water Savings And Salinity Control In The Yellow River Basin, China

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  022258,  2002 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.10441) @2002
Authors:   M. S. Fabião, A. A. Campos, L. S. Pereira, J. M. Gonçalves, Y. N. Li, Z. Mao, B. Dong
Keywords:   Ningxia, Shandong, basin irrigation, infiltration, irrigation performance, simulation modelling, percolation

A study focusing the improvement of the basin irrigation is performed in the Huinong Irrigation District, in the upper reaches of the Yellow River basin, Ningxia Province, and in the Bojili Irrigation District, in the lower reaches of the basin, Shandong Province. Studies include the field evaluation of current basin irrigation practices and the use of the simulation models SRFR and SIRMOD to simulate improved designs and practices. The target depths are generated by the irrigation scheduling simulation model ISAREG. For Huinong, achieving a control of present excess irrigation water applied and the induced water table rise and salinity requires that the basin water advance would be completed in a much smaller time than at present. Therefore, improvements on field sizes, land leveling, infiltration conditions and inflow discharges available are identified aiming at water savings and controlling waterlogging and salinity. At Bojili, the main problems relate to excessive field lengths and relatively poor land leveling, which induce very slow advance times and therefore, either excess water application or the under-irrigation of the downstream part of the field. Solutions therefore include improved land leveling, larger inflow discharges and reduction of field lengths. The paper summarizes the approaches used to calibrate the simulation models from field observations, an analysis of present conditions and performances, and a discussion on the proposed issues for both areas.

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