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The Virginia Phosphorus Index

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  022073,  2002 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.10393) @2002
Authors:   M.L. Wolfe, G.L. Mullins, J.W. Pease, L.W. Zelazny, W.L. Daniels
Keywords:   Phosphorus, nutrient management, manure, fertilizer

The Virginia Phosphorus Index (P-Index) is a management tool for assessing risk of P delivery to surface waters. The P-Index considers the interaction of source and transport factors to estimate the average annual risk of P delivery to water bodies. Source factors include residual P in the soil and P applied via fertilization. Transport factors include edge-of-field soil loss, annual runoff, sediment and runoff delivery factors, annual percolation, and a soil texture/drainage factor. The risk of each of the three components of delivery, i.e., erosion, runoff, and subsurface, is computed separately and then combined to yield the overall risk for a field. The P-Index can be used to identify practices to reduce the potential for P losses from agricultural fields.

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