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Wind Induced Turbulent Entrainment in a Closed Density Stratified Water Area Partially Covered with the Floating Water Plants

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  022154,  2002 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.10294) @2002
Authors:   Akinori Ozaki, Ken Mori, Ryosuke Muramatsu, Eiji Inoue, Tomokazu Hraguchi
Keywords:   Entrainment phenomenon, Turbulent Structure, Density Stratified Flow, Wind Induced Flow, Closed Water Area, Floating Water Plants

Water environmental dynamics in closed water areas with density stratify such as ponds, reservoirs, lakes and estuaries are effected by turbulent flows based on mechanical and thermal disturbances. The thermal disturbance consists of lighting and heating based on solar radiation in the daytime and cooling based on emission at the night. The mechanical disturbance of wind induced flow and wind wave generated by wind action on the surface. We considered the mechanical disturbance of wind induced flow generated by wind action on the surface in the closed water areas. An experimental investigation of turbulent entrainment induced by the mechanical disturbance was carried out in a laboratory wind wave tank. We considered the effects of occupying rate of the floating water plants to the water surface area on the turbulent entrainment in the closed water area. The results indicated that the existence the floating water plants contributed to make a significant effect on the scale of the turbulent entrainment. It was also found that the entrainment velocity depended on the Richardson number to the power of 3/2, the stability parameter of density stratified fluid flow.

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