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Measuring Threshing Force of Three Common Rice Varieties under Dynamic Conditions

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2021 ASABE Annual International Virtual Meeting  2100020.(doi:10.13031/aim.202100020)
Authors:   Soheyla Yavari, Ezzatollah Askari Ardeh, Farzaneh Khoursandi
Keywords:   Dynamic condition, Paddy rice, Threshing force. Introduction

Abstract. One of the most important biomechanical properties of the rice crop for harvesting and post harvesting machines is the threshing, or the requirement force that detaches grain from the panicle. This has a principal effect on the power requirements of threshers, combines, threshing efficiency and shattering loss. In this study, tension and pressure testing instruments and specialized clamps were used to measure the detachment force. This force was analyzed in Gilan province for three common paddy rice varieties (Hashemi, Khazar, Hybrid), three moisture content levels (12, 16, 23% w.b.), four speeds (5, 20, 35, 50 mm/min), three directions of force applied to the rice grain (parallel to grain, perpendicular to front of grain, perpendicular to side of grain) and three panicle areas (upper, middle, lower). A randomized complete block design was applied to analyze the data with five replications and the data means were compared statistically. The results of the analysis of their variance showed that threshing force is significantly different in the tested varieties. The grain moisture content, direction of applied force, speed of applied force and selection location of spikelet (grain) on panicle also significantly affected the threshing force. The highest threshing force (2.62 N) was obtained for the Hybrid variety with a grain moisture content of 16% (w.b.) where the direction of applied force was parallel to the grain (tensile) at a speed of 35 mm/min to the upper portion of the panicle.

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