Click on “Download PDF” for the PDF version or on the title for the HTML version.

If you are not an ASABE member or if your employer has not arranged for access to the full-text, Click here for options.


Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Applied Engineering in Agriculture. Vol. 21(5): 769-776. (doi: 10.13031/2013.19702) @2005
Authors:   L. A. Smith, S. J. Thomson
Keywords:   Aerial application, Position latency, GPS, Ground speed, Variable rate technology

A SATLOC AirStar M3 swathing system installed on an Air Tractor 402B aircraft was evaluated to determine the GPS (Global Positioning System) position latency associated with known ground coordinates and to determine the accuracy of GPS ground speed. A photo-detector circuit was used to synchronize aircraft position with reference points on the ground from which vertical beams of sunlight were reflected upward. When the aircraft flew through the light beam, the circuit responded by closing a solid-state relay to which the pressure switch cable from the SATLOC system was attached. This action caused an extra record to be inserted into the SATLOC log file with precise time and position information associated with the event. Latency was determined by comparing the indicated aircraft GPS position with the reference point GPS position. GPS ground speed was calibrated by using two reference points to close and open the relay, respectively. The difference between the time associated with the relay opening and closing was used with the measured distance between the points to compute average ground speed. Results indicated that position latency was positive for N-S flight directions and negative for E-W flight directions. The magnitude of these latencies was relatively small (less than 9 m) considering that the aircraft was traveling at a nominal speed of 60 m/s. GPS ground speed calibration results revealed errors ranging from 0.01% to 0.11% for a series of eight runs with speeds varying from 176 to 238 km/h.

(Download PDF)    (Export to EndNotes)