American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers


9th International Livestock Environment Symposium (ILES IX), 8-12 July 2012, Valencia, Spain

Proceedings Editors: M. Cambra-Lopez, E.F. Wheeler, D. J. Moura, K. Janni, and R.S. Gates

Articles should be cited as:

Author1, A. B., C. D. Author2, and E. F. Author3. 2012. The title of the paper. In:
Proceedings of the 9th International Livestock Environment Symposium (ILES IX). Paper No. ???. M. Cambra-Lopez, E.F.
Wheeler, D. J. Moura, K. Janni, and R.S. Gates (eds.). St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE.

  1. FOREWORD
    Authors:   María Cambra-López, Richard S. Gates
    Keywords:   FOREWORD
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.42320
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  2. Towards Livestock Production In The 21st Century: A Perfect Storm Averted?
    Authors:   Christopher M Wathes, Heather Maggs, Madeleine L Campbell, Henry Buller
    Keywords:   Livestock, perfect storm; sustainable intensification; consumers; BRIC countries
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.42319
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  3. ANALYSIS OF QUALITY OF HEALTH OF DIFFERENT BROILER LITTER REUSED SEQUENTIALLY
    Authors:   Maria de Fátima Araújo Vieira, Ilda de Fátima Ferreira Tinoco, Richard S Gates, Deborah Cunha Cassuce, Bernadete Miranda Santos, Gabriela Costa
    Keywords:   Poultry industry, Productive performance, Reuse, poultry litter
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41533
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  4. Using Decision Tree for Classifying Farrowing Piglets Stress Conditions using Vocalization
    Authors:   Alexandra F. S Cordeiro, Irenilza A Nääs, Stanley R.M Oliveira, Andréia C.M Almeida, Diego P Neves
    Keywords:   Farrowing sows, animal welfare, signal analysis
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41534
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  5. Nitrous Oxide Emissions from an Experimental Pig House with Straw Bedding
    Authors:   Sven A Nimmermark, Knut-Håkan Jeppsson, Ngwa Martin Ngwabie
    Keywords:   Greenhouse gases, emission, fattening pigs
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41535
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  6. The Use of Thermal Images for Identifying Stress Condition in Piglets
    Authors:   Alexandra F. S Cordeiro, Irenilza A Naas, Flavia Gerbi Jacob, Diego P Neves
    Keywords:   Swine, welfare, thermal image
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41536
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  7. Frequency of Comfort Temperature and Humidity in the Early Phase of Swine in Different Lighting Programs During the Winter and Summer
    Authors:   Vilmar Rodrigues de Sousa Júnior, Paulo Giovanni De Abreu, Luana Araújo Sabino, Arlei Coldebella, Valeria Maria Nascimento Abreu, Letícia dos Santos Lopes
    Keywords:   Keywords: well-being, light, thermal temperature range, piglet
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41537
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  8. Environmental Consequences of Segregating Pig Urine and Feces – A Life Cycle Perspective
    Authors:   Jerke W De Vries, André J.A Aarnink, Peter W.G Groot Koerkamp, Imke J.M De Boer
    Keywords:   slurry management, ammonia emission, odor emission, livestock production, LCA
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41538
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  9. INFLUENCE OF ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING IN THE OCCURRENCE OF DIARRHEA IN SWINE IN THE NURSERY PHASE IN SUMMER AND WINTER
    Authors:   Vilmar Rodrigues de Sousa Júnior, Paulo Giovanni De Abreu, Luana Araújo Sabino, Gustavo Júlio Monteiro De Lima, Arlei Coldebella, Valeria Maria Nascimento Abreu, Letícia dos Santos Lopes, Taiana Cestonaro
    Keywords:   Key Words: welfare, lighting, sanitation, pig
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41539
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  10. Emissions of Ammonia and Greenhouse Gases from Two Naturally Ventilated Barns for Dairy Cows
    Authors:   Wentao Wu, Guoqiang Zhang, Chao Zong
    Keywords:   Slatted floor; temperature; methane; air exchange rate
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41540
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  11. Methodological aspects of environmental assessment of livestock production by LCA (Life Cycle Assessment)
    Authors:   Lorie Hamelin, Henrik Wenzel
    Keywords:   Livestock production, life cycle assessment (LCA), Best Available Techniques (BAT)
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41541
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  12. Ammonia Emission Factors Modelling for a Naturally Ventilated Dairy Housing System with Cubicles, Solid Floors and an Outdoor Exercise Area
    Authors:   Sabine Schrade, Lorenz Gygax, Margret Keck
    Keywords:   Emission factor, ammonia, modelling, dairy housing, natural ventilation
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41542
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  13. Comparison of Ammonia Emissions from Poultry Houses Based on Diurnal Integration vs. Daily Means of Gas Concentration and Building Ventilation Rate
    Authors:   Yongxing Chen, Hongwei Xin, Hong Li, Timothy Shepherd, Morgan Hayes, John Stinn, Robert Burns, Richard Gates, Hongmin Dong
    Keywords:   Poultry, air emission, measurement method
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41543
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  14. Emissions and Concentrations of Dust and Pathogens from Goat Houses
    Authors:   Andre Aarnink, Hendrik-Jan Roest, María Cambra-López, Yang Zhao, Julio Mosquera, Nico Ogink
    Keywords:   Goats, housing, Q-fever, micro-organisms, emissions
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41544
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  15. INFLUENCE OF ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING IN THE ZOOTECHNICAL PERFORMANCE OF PIGS IN THE NURSERY PHASE IN PERIODS OF WINTER AND SUMMER
    Authors:   Vilmar Rodrigues de Sousa Júnior, Paulo Giovanni De Abreu, Luana Araújo Sabino, Gustavo Júlio Monteiro De Lima, Arlei Coldebella, Valeria Maria Nascimento Abreu, Letícia dos Santos Lopes
    Keywords:   KeyWords: feed intake, weight gain, piglet, weaning
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41545
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  16. Shedding and Emission of Airborne Viral Microorganisms from Animal Houses
    Authors:   Yang Zhao, Andre Aarnink, Maria Cambra-Lopez, Teun Fabri
    Keywords:   Infectious bursal disease virus, air sampling, virus shedding, emission
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41546
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  17. Ammonia and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of a Swine Breeding-Gestation-Farrowing Facility in the Midwestern USA
    Authors:   John P Stinn, Hongwei Xin, Timothy Shepherd, Hong Li, Robert Burns
    Keywords:   Swine, Ammonia, Greenhouse Gas, Aerial Emissions, Deep-pit
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41547
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  18. Evaluation of Heating Systems Creep Area for Piglets in the Winter
    Authors:   Paulo Giovanni de Abreu, Valeria Maria Nascimento Abreu, Arlei Coldebella, Luana Araújo Sabino, Vilmar Rodrigues Sousa Júnior
    Keywords:   creep, heating, piglets
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41548
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  19. Evaluation of the Welfare of Broiler Chickens Reared in Different Heating Systems
    Authors:   Valeria Maria Nascimento Abreu, Paulo Giovanni de Abreu, Fátima Regina Ferreira Jaenisch,, Leticia dos Santos Lopes, Arlei Coldebella
    Keywords:   heating, chicken, welfare
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41549
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  20. Heat Transfer to Calculate Minimum Ventilation Rates For Broilers House
    Authors:   Thayla Morandi Ridolfi Carvalho, Daniella Jorge Moura, Paulo Ademar Martins Leal, Juliana Maria Massari, Karla Andrea Oliveira Lima
    Keywords:   Key words: broiler, environmental control, heat transfer, ventilation rate
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41550
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  21. Development of a Smart Phone Application for Heat Stress Detection and Mitigation in Livestock
    Authors:   Don E Spiers, Brad Scharf, Peggy Ann Eichen
    Keywords:   Keywords: Heat Stress, Cattle, Smart Phone Application, Temperature Humidity Index
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41551
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  22. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Large Commercial U.S. Dairy Farm
    Authors:   Teng-Teeh Lim, Yaomin Jin, Ji-Qin Ni, Albert J Heber, Ruiqiang Liu
    Keywords:   Methane, Nitrous Oxide, Carbon Dioxide, Airflow, Temperature, Monitoring, Milk Production
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41552
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  23. Optimization of Local Ventilation System for Gaseous Pollutants Removal in Broiler House Using CFD Simulation
    Authors:   Songming Zhu, Peifeng Liu, Nan Yang, Jinsong He, Zhangying Ye
    Keywords:   Litter-based broiler house, Ventilation system, CFD, Simulation
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41553
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  24. Photoacoustic Spectroscopy in Livestock Buildings: Interference Effects on Ammonia, Nitrous Oxide and Methane Concentrations
    Authors:   Mélynda Hassouna, Paul ROBIN, Alicia Charpiot, Nadège Edouard, Bertrand Méda
    Keywords:   Emissions, livestock house, infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy, interference, uncertainty
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41554
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  25. Sensitivity Analysis of a Mechanistic Model for the Ammonia Emission of Dairy Cow Houses
    Authors:   Dennis J.W Snoek, Nico W.M Ogink, Hans Stigter, Peter W.G Groot Koerkamp
    Keywords:   Ammonia emission, sensitivity analysis, mechanistic model, dairy cow, cow houses
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41555
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  26. Data Mining Applied to Horse Thermal Comfort
    Authors:   Ana Paula De Assis Maia, Brenda B. L Medeiros, Rimena A Vercellino, Juliana Sarubbi, Stanley R. M Oliveira, Paulo R Griska, Daniella Jorge Moura
    Keywords:   decision tree, thermography, surface temperature, physiological parameters, balancing techniques
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41556
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  27. Comparison Between Light Scattering and Gravimetric Devices for Sampling PM10 Mass Concentration in Livestock Houses
    Authors:   María Cambra-López, Albert Winkel, Julio Mosquera, Nico W. M Ogink, André J. A Aarnink
    Keywords:   Dust, measuring methods, calibration factors
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41557
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  28. Electricity and Fuel Usage of Aviary Laying-Hen Houses in the Midwestern United States
    Authors:   Morgan Davis Hayes, Hongwei Xin, Hong Li, Timothy Shepherd, John Paul Stinn
    Keywords:   Aviary, Energy Use, Electricity, Propane, Ventilation Efficiency
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41558
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  29. Detection of Airborne Salmonella spp. in Poultry Farms Using Impingement: Culture-Dependent vs. Culture-Independent Methods
    Authors:   Elisa Adell, Verónica Moset, Yang Zhao, Ana Jiménez-Belenguer, Alba Cerisuelo, María Cambra-López
    Keywords:   Air quality, airborne pathogens, bioaerosols, broilers
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41559
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  30. Simultaneous Monitoring and Control of Pig Growth and Ammonia Emissions
    Authors:   Theo GM Demmers, Yi Cao, David J Parsons, Sophie Gauss, Christopher M Wathes
    Keywords:   Pig, growth, ammonia emission, model
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41560
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  31. Evaluation of Enzyme Feed Additive on Ammonia Emission from Broilers
    Authors:   Hong Li, Jeannine Harter-Dennis, Williams Brown, Stephen Collier
    Keywords:   broiler, ammonia reduction, dietary, additive
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41561
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  32. Air Velocity Distribution in a Commercial Broiler House
    Authors:   Brian D Luck, Jeremiah D Davis, Joseph L Purswell, Jonathan W. W Olsen
    Keywords:   Anemometer, ventilation, broiler, tunnel ventilation
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41562
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  33. Effects of flexible or fixed stall dividers on lying behavior and preferences of dairy cows
    Authors:   Lars Erik Ruud, Knut Egil Bøe
    Keywords:   Dairy cow, Flexible stall divider, Free stall, Loose housing, Stall divider
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41563
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  34. Ammonia Emissions from Chopped Willow Versus Pine Shavings as Bedding For Broiler Chickens
    Authors:   Michael L Hile, Eileen Fabian Wheeler, Paul H Patterson, R Michael Hulet
    Keywords:   ammonia, emissions, environment, poultry, broiler, willow, pine, litter, bedding
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41564
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  35. Improving Commercial Broiler Attic Inlet Ventilation through CFD Analysis
    Authors:   Jonathan W.W Olsen, Jeremiah D Davis, Joseph L Purswell, Brian D Luck
    Keywords:   Poultry, Energy Efficiency, Attic, Solar, Ventilation, CFD
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41565
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  36. Implications of increasing ventilation rates of broiler farms to fulfill European welfare regulations on gas concentrations
    Authors:   Fernando Estellés, Arantxa Villagrá, Salvador Calvet
    Keywords:   Broiler, ventilation, ammonia, carbon dioxide, welfare
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41566
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  37. Sound Levels in a Wean-to-Finish Facility in Brazil
    Authors:   Brenda Batista Lemos Medeiros, Juliana Maria Massari, Ana Paula De Assis Maia, Rojane Magda Kletecke, Rimena do Amaral Vercellino, Juliana Sarubbi, Daniella Jorge de Moura
    Keywords:   Keywords: environment, sound pressure, livestock, swine
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41567
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  38. Effects of different pig houses on indoor environmental parameters and growth performance of growing and finishing pigs
    Authors:   Anguo Chen, Xuping Wang, Guoqi Liang, Qihua Hong, Caimei Yang
    Keywords:   Keywords: growing and finishing pigs, removable pig house, fixed pig house, indoor environmental parameters, growth performance
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41568
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  39. Determining Heat Tolerance in Finishing Pigs Using Thermal Imaging
    Authors:   T M Brown-Brandl, R A Eigenberg, J L Purswell
    Keywords:   Thermal images, swine, heat stress, thermal neutral zone
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41569
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  40. Heat Loss in Lactating Sows under Different Ventilation Systems and Diets during Summer
    Authors:   Eliene Justino, Irenilza A Nääs, Diego P Neves, Douglas D Salgado
    Keywords:   Evaporative cooling, electrolyte balance, thermoregulation, ventilation
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41570
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  41. Ammonia Emission and Productivity of Laying Hens Fed Diets Containing Distiller Dried Grains
    Authors:   Eileen Fabian Wheeler, Paul H Patterson, Heather K Burley
    Keywords:   Egg production, air emission, ammonia, DDGS, diet, probiotic, economics, environment
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41571
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  42. Influence of Natural Shading on Production Index of Broilers
    Authors:   Adhemar Pitelli Milani, Fernando Augusto Souza
    Keywords:   broiler, production index, natural shading
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41572
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  43. Animal Welfare Education from an Engineering Perspective: USA Penn State Initiative
    Authors:   Eileen Fabian Wheeler
    Keywords:   Animal welfare, farm, facility, natural behavior, well-being, livestock, poultry, horse, dairy
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41573
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  44. Heat and Moisture Production of Commercial Broilers under Pad Cooling or Surface Wetting in Summer
    Authors:   Y Liang, G Tom Tabler, I Berry, S Watkins
    Keywords:   heat production, moisture production, cooling, broiler, poultry
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41574
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  45. Ammonia, Greenhouse Gas, and Particulate Matter Concentrations and Emissions of Aviary Layer Houses in the Midwestern USA
    Authors:   Morgan Davis Hayes, Hongwei Xin, Hong Li, Timothy Shepherd, Yang Zhao, John Paul Stinn
    Keywords:   Aviary, Air Quality, Aerial Emissions, Concentrations, Laying Hen
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41575
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  46. Bioenergetics of Hy-Line Brown Hens in Aviary Houses
    Authors:   Morgan Davis Hayes, Hongwei Xin, Hong Li, Timothy Shepherd, Yang Zhao, John Paul Stinn
    Keywords:   Aviary, Bioenergetics, Indirect Calorimertry, Environmental Control, Laying Hen
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41576
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  47. Use of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles to Control Hydrogen Sulphide, Ammonia and Odour Emissions from Pig Barns
    Authors:   Bernardo Z Predicala, Alvin Alvarado, Daisy Asis
    Keywords:   Air quality, Ammonia, Hydrogen Sulfide, Nanoparticles, Odor, Swine
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41577
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  48. Emission Monitoring Methodology at a NAEMS Dairy Site, with an Assessment of the Uncertainty of Measured Ventilation Rates
    Authors:   Erin L Cortus, Larry D Jacobson, Brian P Hetchler, Albert J Heber
    Keywords:   Ventilation rates, emission monitoring, uncertainty
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41578
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  49. Aglite: A 3-Wavelength Lidar System for Quantitative Assessment of Agricultural Air Quality and Whole Facility Emissions
    Authors:   Michael D Wojcik, Kori D Moore, Jerry L Hatfield, Richard L Pfeiffer, John H Prueger, Randal S Martin
    Keywords:   Remote sensing, lidar, emissions, flux, particulate matter, point sensor
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41579
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  50. Cooling cows: the udder way
    Authors:   Kifle G Gebremedhin, Chin N Lee, Jamie E Larson, Jeremiah Davis
    Keywords:   Keywords: dairy cows, heat stress, udder wetting, body wetting, rectal temperature, vaginal temperature
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41580
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  51. Quantification of Environmental Conditions in Australian Livestock Buildings
    Authors:   Thomas M Banhazi
    Keywords:   Air quality, bacteria, survey, risk factors, endotoxin, microorganisms, emission
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41581
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  52. Determining daily average concentrations of ammonia in livestock buildings using a photoacoustic monitor and acid wet traps
    Authors:   Fernando Estellés, Irene Olivas, Milagro Borrás, Salvador Calvet
    Keywords:   Ammonia, Photoacoustic, Impinger, Broiler
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41582
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  53. Passageway Preference Testing for Laying Hen
    Authors:   Ana Paula De Assis Maia, Glogerley Tatiana Sales, Angela R Green, Patricia Katherine Paulausky, Richard S Gates, Daniella Jorge De Moura
    Keywords:   Animal welfare, animal behavior, choice testing, poultry
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41583
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  54. Nitrogen Flow Characterization of Laying Hen Production Systems: A Mass Balance Approach
    Authors:   Frédéric Pelletier, Stéphane Godbout, Sébastien Fournel, Martin Belzile, Matthieu Girard
    Keywords:   laying hens, mass balance, nitrogen, manure
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41584
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  55. Improving Loading Facilities and Methods to Minimize Stress on Animals During Transport from Farm to Abattoir
    Authors:   Girma Gebresenbet, Techane Bosona, Emanuel Bobobee
    Keywords:   Sweden, Animal transport, Animal Welfare, Heart rate, Ramp angle
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41585
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  56. Evaluation of the internal microclimate of piggy´s houses with different types of floors
    Authors:   D C G Oliveira, V C Correia, C G Lima, S R Oliveira, H Savastano JR
    Keywords:   piglet, rice husk, swine, thermal comfort, waste
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41586
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  57. Quantification of the NH3 Adsorption on Dusts and its Consequences on the Design of Systems for the Removal of Aerial Pollutants in Piggeries
    Authors:   Lomig Hamon, Eric Dumont, Yves Andrès, Solène Lagadec, Brigitte Landrain, Paul Landrain
    Keywords:   Adsorption, Biofilter, Process Design, Bioprocesses
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41587
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  58. Different Light Intensity On The Behavior And Welfare Of Commercial Broiler Chicks
    Authors:   Rimena Amaral Vercellino, Daniella Jorge Moura, Ana Paula Assis Maia, Brenda Batista Lemos Medeiros, Thayla Morandi Ridolfi Carvalho, Douglas D’Alessandro Salgado, Irenilza Alencar Nääs
    Keywords:   Keywords: Environmental control, livestock production, poultry
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41588
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  59. Airborne Particles in Animal Houses
    Authors:   Huong T.L Lai, Andre J. A Aarnink, María Cambra-López, Thuy T.T Huynh, Henk K Parmentier, Peter W. G Groot Koerkamp
    Keywords:   Particle size distribution, animal houses, dust concentration
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41589
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  60. The Effects Of Air Quality On Chicken Health
    Authors:   Huong T.L Lai, Mike G.B Nieuwland, Andre J. A Aarnink, Bas Kemp, Henk K Parmentier
    Keywords:   airborne dust, broiler chickens, lipopolysaccharide, modulation, PAMP, intratracheal
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41590
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  61. Performance and Preference of Broiler Chickens under Different Light Sources
    Authors:   Angélica Signor Mendes, Sandro José Paixão, Rasiel Restelatto, Juliéli Marostega, Gabriela Munhoz Morello
    Keywords:   bird preference; Light-Emitting Diodes (LED); illumination; poultry production
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41591
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  62. Comparison of different air supply and cooling systems in pig fattening houses
    Authors:   Joachim Threm, Eva Gallmann, Wilhelm Pflanz, Thomas Jungbluth
    Keywords:   Cooling systems, fattening pigs, cooling pad, underfloor air inlet, high pressure humidifier, ventilation
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41592
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  63. Evaluation of the thermal efficiency of materials used as roofing systems in poultry houses
    Authors:   Ariane Cristina Castro, Iran José Oliveira Silva, Elenilson Sguizzato Bortolini, Maria Luísa Appendino Nunes
    Keywords:   Thermal comfort, Tiles, Liners, Broiler chickens
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41593
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  64. Highlights of the Air Quality Education in Animal Agriculture Project
    Authors:   Richard R Stowell, Jill M Heemstra, Ronald E Sheffield, Eileen F Wheeler, Dennis D Schulte, Kevin A Janni
    Keywords:   Emissions, regulations, policy, extension, information
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41594
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  65. Blood Parameters of Chicks from Eggs Injected With Ascorbic Acid and Subjected to Thermal Stress
    Authors:   Sarah Sgavioli, João Batista Matos Júnior, Liliana Longo Borges, Maria Fernanda Ferreira Menegucci Praes, Euclides Braga Malheiros, Isabel Cristina Boleli
    Keywords:   birds, broiler chicken, immunity, incubation, in ovo
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41595
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  66. Balance of pH of Chicks from Eggs Injected With Ascorbic Acid and Subjected to Thermal Stress
    Authors:   Sarah Sgavioli, Vitor Rosa de Almeida, Viviane de Souza Morita, Gisele Lamberti Zaniratu, João Ademir de Oliveira, Isabel Cristina Boleli
    Keywords:   blood, incubation, in ovo, thermoneutral
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41596
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  67. Emissions of Harmful Gases in Pig Fattening
    Authors:   Z Palkovicová, J Broucek, A Strmenová, A Hanus, M Uhrincat, P Tongel
    Keywords:   pig, emission, emission factor, ammonia, greenhouse gas
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41597
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  68. Design of a Piglet Resting Area
    Authors:   Manuel Galicia Reyes, Abraham Rojano Aguilar.
    Keywords:   Keywords: Housing piglet, housing swine, welfare animal, environmental conditions
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41598
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  69. Aggressiveness Testing of Breeding Rabbit Does
    Authors:   Irene Olivas, Arantxa Villagrá
    Keywords:   Aggressiveness, rabbits, age, recognition, resident-intruder
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41599
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  70. Assessing fear in rabbits. Preliminary results
    Authors:   Irene Olivas, Arantxa Villagrá
    Keywords:   Fear, rabbits, novel object, open field test, behavior
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41600
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  71. Measuring enteric methane from small ruminants using respiration chambers: assessing potential effects of animal behaviour on the emission results.
    Authors:   José Vicente Martí, Fernando Estellés, Aránzazu Villagrá, Salvador Calvet
    Keywords:   Methane, Chamber, Enteric fermentation, Behavior
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41601
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  72. Methodology for Registering Internal Swine Temperature Using Skin Surface Temperature Sensors
    Authors:   Gustavo Marques Mostaço, Késia Oliveira da Silva Miranda
    Keywords:   Temperature sensor, piglet, animal ambience, thermal comfort
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41602
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  73. Implementation of Open-circuit Chambers for Monitoring Gas Emissions from Large Ruminants
    Authors:   Nico Peiren, Bart Sonck, Jürgen Vangeyte, Sam De Campeneere
    Keywords:   greenhouse gas emissions, methane, in vivo, open-circuit chamber
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41603
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  74. Thermoregulatory responses of day-old chickens submitted to simulated transport condition: effect of thermal environment and box placement
    Authors:   Frederico M C Vieira, Iran J O Silva, Késia O Silva-Miranda, Aérica C Nazareno, Priscila N Faria
    Keywords:   transport, day-old chickens, stress, welfare
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41604
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  75. Analysis of alternative ventilation system designs for a pigsty: A comparative literature review
    Authors:   Viktorija Zagorska
    Keywords:   ventilation system; pigsty; ground channel; additional deep pit; High Rise
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41605
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  76. Innovative Air Treatment Unit to Improve Separation Distances between Swine Buildings and Neighbouring Populations
    Authors:   Martin Belzile, Matthieu Girard, Stéphane P Lemay, Stéphane Godbout, Frédéric Pelletier, John Feddes
    Keywords:   Air treatment, odour, biotrickling filter
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41606
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  77. Biotrickling Filter for the Treatment of Swine Exhaust Air
    Authors:   Matthieu Girard, Martin Belzile, Stéphane P Lemay, Stéphane Godbout, Frédéric Pelletier, John Feddes
    Keywords:   Biotrickling filter, Swine exhaust air, Ammonia, Nitrous oxide, Methane
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41607
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  78. Thermoregulatory responses of day-old chickens submitted to simulated transport condition: effect of exposure time under different thermal ranges
    Authors:   Frederico M C Vieira, Iran J O Silva, Késia O Silva-Miranda, Aérica C Nazareno, Juliano R Camargo, Afrânio M C Vieira
    Keywords:   logistics, day-old chickens, stress, welfare
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41608
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  79. Instrumentation System for Monitoring the Thermal Environment of Commercial Swine Trailers
    Authors:   Yijie Xiong, Angela R Green, Giselle Borges, Jingwei Su, Richard S Gates
    Keywords:   Pig transport, thermal environment, micro-environment, welfare
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41609
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  80. Ammonia Emissions from a Pig Breeder Facility in the Oklahoma Panhandle
    Authors:   Kenneth D Casey, Erin L Cortus, Albert J Heber, Alfred P Caramanica
    Keywords:   NAEMS, Ammonia, Pigs, Air Quality
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41610
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  81. Emissions Calculated from Particulate Matter and Gaseous Ammonia Measurements from a Commercial Dairy in California, USA
    Authors:   Kori D Moore, Michael D Wojcik, Christian C Marchant, Randal S Martin, Emyrei Young, Richard L Pfeiffer, John H Prueger, Jerry L Hatfield
    Keywords:   Remote sensing, lidar, emissions, particulate matter, ammonia, point sensor, passive sampler
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41611
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  82. Meta-analysis of swine carcass condemnation in commercial scale
    Authors:   Fabiana R Caldara, Irenilza A Nääs, Lesley S Bueno, Douglas D Salgado, Rodrigo G Garcia, Ibiara C.L Almeida Paz
    Keywords:   Abscess, animal welfare, respiratory problem
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41612
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  83. A comparative study among H2O-balance, heat balance, CO2-balance and radioactive tracer gas technique for airflow rates measurement in naturally ventilated dairy barns
    Authors:   Mohamed Samer, Werner Berg, Merike Fiedler, Kristina von Bobrutzki, Christian Ammon, Peter Sanftleben, Reiner Brunsch
    Keywords:   Livestock buildings, Heat balance, Moisture (H2O) balance, Radioactive tracer gas technique, CO2-balance, Natural ventilation, Airflow rates, Air exchange rates, Gaseous emissions
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41613
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  84. Impact of the Reduction of Straw on Ammonia, GHG and Odors Emitted by Fattening Pigs Housed in a Deep-litter System
    Authors:   Nadine Guingand, Alexandre Rugani
    Keywords:   Pigs, deep-litter system, ammonia, GHG, odour
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41614
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  85. A survey to investigate awareness of people about animal welfare in Brazil
    Authors:   Raquel Baracat .Tosi Rodrigues da Silva, Irenilza Alencar Nääs
    Keywords:   Consumer, legislations, social and economy issues, sustainability
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41615
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  86. Ventilation rate, Balance Temperature and Supplemental Heat Need in Alternative vs. Conventional Laying-Hen Housing Systems
    Authors:   Yang Zhao, Hongwei Xin, Tim Shepherd, Morgan Hayes, John Stinn
    Keywords:   Laying-hen housing, thermal environment control, egg production sustainability
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41616
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  87. Preliminary Findings On Seasonal Heat Stress Of Sheep
    Authors:   Dimitris K Papanastasiou, Thomas Bartzanas, Panagiotis Panagakis, Constantinos Kittas
    Keywords:   Welfare, heat stress, sheep, sheep barn, temperature-humidity index
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41617
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  88. Evaluating Thermal Performance of a Photovoltaic-integrated Roofing System for Livestock Buildings: Comparison with Conventional Coverings
    Authors:   Matteo Barbari, Lorenzo Leso, Stefano Simonini
    Keywords:   Livestock buildings, Microclimate, Covering, Photovoltaic, Thermal properties
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41618
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  89. Effect of Temperature-Humidity Index on Live Performance in Broiler Chickens Grown From 49 To 63 Days of Age
    Authors:   Joseph L Purswell, William A Dozier III, Hammed A Olanrewaju, Jeremiah D Davis, Hongwei Xin, Richard S Gates
    Keywords:   Poultry, housing, heat stress, ventilation
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41619
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  90. Measurements and Calculations of Ventilation Rate for Naturally Ventilated Animal Buildings: A Review
    Authors:   Songming Zhu, Nan Yang, Peifeng Liu, Jinsong He, Zhangying Ye
    Keywords:   Animal buildings, naturally ventilation, Ventilation rate, Greenhouse gas
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41620
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  91. The use of outdoor yards by sheep during winter
    Authors:   Grete H. M Jørgensen, Knut E Bøe
    Keywords:   behaviour, housing, thermoregulation, weather factors
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41621
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  92. Combined Stall Systems for Heifers in Groups – a new Concept
    Authors:   Knut Egil Bøe, Gry Færevik
    Keywords:   Heifers, housing, combined stalls
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41622
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  93. Methods to reduce Airborne Dust in a Loose-Housing System for Laying Hens
    Authors:   Gosta Gustafsson, Eva Von Wachenfelt
    Keywords:   Laying hens, dust, climate
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41623
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  94. Effect of Light Color on Growth and Waste Emission of Broilers
    Authors:   Jingsong Jiang, Jinming Pan, Yue Wang, Zhangyin Ye, Yibin Ying
    Keywords:   Broiler; Monochromatic light; chicken manure
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41624
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  95. Removal Efficiency of a Wire-to-plate Electrostatic Precipitator for Abatement of Particulate Matter Emission from Poultry Houses
    Authors:   Albert Winkel, Julio Mosquera, Nico Ogink
    Keywords:   particulate matter, emission, abatement, poultry, electrostatic precipitation
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41625
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  96. Measurement of Greenhouse gas Emission from Naturally Ventilated Dairy Cattle Buildings
    Authors:   Chaoyuan Wang, Baoming Li, Zhengxiang Shi, Wei Cao, Dongmei Luan, Guoqiang Zhang
    Keywords:   Keywords: Dairy, Greenhouse Gas, Emission, Naturally Ventilated Dairy Cattle Building
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41626
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  97. Evaluating effectiveness of spraying systems to reduce heat stress on dairy cows
    Authors:   Hao Li, Zhengxiang Shi, Chaoyuan Wang, Tao Ding, Dinglei Yan, Linjia Fan, Lihu Bian, Xiaodong He
    Keywords:   Dairy, Heat Stress, Spraying system
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41627
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  98. Natural Movement of the Animal when Eating
    Authors:   Manuel Galicia Reyes, Abraham Rojano Aguilar.
    Keywords:   Key Words: welfare animal, natural movement, feeders, environmental conditions
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41628
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  99. Ammonia, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfur emissions from stored slurry as affected by spatial and temporally distributed slurry additions
    Authors:   X.-R Dai, D García, G.-Q Zhang, V Blanes-Vidal
    Keywords:   slurry, pH, gas, disturbance
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41629
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  100. Evaluation of the CO2 mass balance method to calculate ventilation rates from mechanically ventilated livestock buildings
    Authors:   Julio Mosquera Losada, Karin Groenestein, Nico Ogink, André Aarnink
    Keywords:   Ventilation rate, CIGR, Model approach
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41630
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  101. Measuring ventilation using carbon dioxide balances: Evolution of CO2 production from litter in two broiler cycles
    Authors:   Salvador Calvet, Fernando Estellés, María Cambra-López, Antonio G Torres
    Keywords:   CO2 balance, ventilation, broiler, litter
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41631
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  102. Top layer humidification of bedding material of laying hen houses to mitigate dust emissions: effects of water spraying on dust, ammonia and odor emissions
    Authors:   Nico Ogink, Jan van Harn, Rick van Emous, Hilko Ellen
    Keywords:   PM, emissions, mitigation, behavior, poultry
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41632
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  103. Effects of Dietary Types or Concentrate-to-Forage Ratios on Rumen Methane Emissions of Sheep
    Authors:   Chong Liu, Zhiping Zhu, Bing Shang, Yong Xing Chen, Tong Jun Guo, Yong Ming Luo, HongMin Dong
    Keywords:   Sheep, silage, sulphur hexafluoride, methane, VFA
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41633
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  104. Effects of Photoperiod on Behavior and Mortality Rate in Beijing You Chicken before 8 Weeks Old
    Authors:   Furong Furong Zhao, Ailian Ailian Geng, Weiwei Weiwei Jiao
    Keywords:   Photoperiod, Beijing You-Chicken, behavior, mortality rate
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41634
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  105. The Influence of Building Equipment and Operation on the Air Exchange Rates throughout a Naturally Ventilated Dairy Barn
    Authors:   Alaa Kiwan Kiwan, Werner Berg, Hans-Joachim Müller, Manfred Gläser, Merike Fiedler, Kristina - von Bobrutzki, Christian Ammon, Reiner Brunsch
    Keywords:   Keywords: Krypton-85, naturally ventilation, emissions, barn structure
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41635
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  106. Improving Air Exchange Rate Calculations by Using Carbon dioxide Balance Method and Estimating Ammonia Emissions from Natural Ventilated Dairy Buildings
    Authors:   Zhihui Yan, Lixin Xu, Zhengxiang Shi, Baoming Li
    Keywords:   Dairy cow, Ammonia, Air exchange rate, Emission rate
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41636
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  107. Residential Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution from Livestock Operations and Perceived Annoyance among Citizens
    Authors:   Victoria Blanes-Vidal, Helen Suh, Esmaeil S Nadimi, Per Løfstrøm, Thomas Ellermann, Helle V Andersen, Joel Schwartz
    Keywords:   Odor, Waste, Well-being, Slurry, Exposure, Model
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41637
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  108. Odour and Ammonia Reductions in Ventilation Air from a Unit with Growing-finishing Pigs Using a 3-step Air Cleaner
    Authors:   Anders Leegaard Riis
    Keywords:   Odour, Ammonia, Hydrogen Sulfide, Air cleaning
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41638
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  109. Mapping Thermal Environment Inside Broiler Barns for the Diagnosis of Cold Stress at Bird Initial Growing Stage
    Authors:   Luciano Barreto Mendes, Keller Sullivan Oliveira Rocha, Ilda de Fátima Ferreira Tinôco, José Helvecio Martins , Adelson Luiz Araújo Tinôco, Robinson Osorio Hernandez, Jairo Alexander Osorio Saraz
    Keywords:   1-wireTM technology, chicks, tropical conditions
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41639
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  110. Spatial variability of ambient ammonia in the vicinity of a broiler farm
    Authors:   Kristina - von Bobrutzki, Werner - Berg, Merike - Fiedler, Alaa - Kiwan
    Keywords:   emission, ammonia, broilers, dispersion
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41640
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  111. Study Of Comfort Temperature For Broilers Up To 21 Days Of Age
    Authors:   Déborah Cunha Cassuce, Ilda de Fátima Ferreira Tinôco, Fernando Costa Baêta, Fernanda Campos Sousa, Diogo Rezende Coelho
    Keywords:   thermal stress, aviculture, performance
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41641
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  112. Gaseous Emissions From Aviaries And Nitrogen And Phosphorus Losses In The Outdoor Run Of Organic Laying Hens
    Authors:   Sanne (S.E.M.) Dekker, Peter (P.W.G.) Groot Koerkamp, André (A.J.A.) Aarnink, Imke (I.J.M.) De Boer
    Keywords:   Organic farming, laying hens, environmental impact, ammonia, methane, nitrous oxide, manure, outdoor run, mineral load
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41642
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  113. Cluster Index for Accessing Thermal Comfort for Broiler Breeders
    Authors:   Danilo F Pereira, Irenilza A Nääs, Luis Roberto A Gabriel Filho, Mario Mollo Neto
    Keywords:   Image analysis, animal welfare, machine vision
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41643
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  114. Estimating the Most Important Criteria for Hatching Eggs as Function of Broiler Breeders Age
    Authors:   Marta Santos Baracho, Diego Pereira Neves, Irenilza Alencar Nääs, Juliano Araújo Cassiano, Fabiana Gonçalves Lima
    Keywords:   Multi-stage incubator, Analytic Hierarchy Process
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41644
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  115. Losses in Hatchery Eggs Production: Multivariate Data Analysis
    Authors:   Marta Dos Santos Baracho, Fabiana Gonçalves Lima, Irenilza Alencar Nääs, Juliano Araújo Cassiano
    Keywords:   Chick’ quality, incubation, discard of eggs
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41645
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  116. Effects of Feeding Regime on Feeding Motivation, Behavior and Performance of Growing Pigs
    Authors:   Yun-long Kang, Xin-zhi Wang, Jun Bao
    Keywords:   Meal Frequency, Motivation, Behavior, Performance, Growing Pig
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41646
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  117. Experimental study on a partial cooling system using underground water for open dairy bull barns
    Authors:   Liansun Wu, Zhengxiang Shi, Chaoyuang Wang, Xiaoyan Yuan, Jifeng Zhong
    Keywords:   Heat stress; bull barn; dairy bull; partial cooling system
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41647
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  118. Water intake and drinking behavior of pregnant sows
    Authors:   Melanie Junge, Daniel Herd, Dagmar Jezierny, Eva Gallmann, Thomas Jungbluth
    Keywords:   Sow, drinking behavior, group housing
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41648
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  119. Influence of manure strategy in layer houses with view to ammonia and dust production
    Authors:   Tatjana Winter, Torsten Hinz
    Keywords:   ammonia, dust, manure strategy, layer
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41649
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  120. Possible Means of Reduction of Airborne Pollutants In and From Poultry Houses
    Authors:   Stefan Linke, Torsten Hinz, Karl-Heinz Krause, Jochen Hahne, Tatjana Winter
    Keywords:   airborne pollutants, emission reduction, poultry
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41650
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  121. Determination of methane production from lactating goats fed diets with different starch levels
    Authors:   María Carmen López, Carla Ibáñez, Fernando Juan García-Diego, Vicente Javier Moya, Fernando Estellés, Concepción Cervera, Carlos Fernández
    Keywords:   methane production, Murciano-Granadina goat, retained energy
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41651
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )

  122. Effect of different quantities of dietary barley grain on methane production in sheep
    Authors:   María Carmen López, Carla Ibáñez, Ion Pérez-Baena, José Vicente Martí, Salvador Calvet, Nemesio Fernández, Carlos Fernández
    Keywords:   methane production, Guirra sheep, retained energy
    DOI:   10.13031/2013.41652
    ( Free Abstract )    ( Download PDF )