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Restoring Wetland Diversity
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Paper number 012062, 2001 ASAE Annual Meeting. @2001
Authors: Chris J. Stoner
Keywords: Wetlands, Wildlife, Topography, Habitat, Dike, Island
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) through the Wetland
Reserve Program (WRP) has restored over one million acres of wetlands nationwide
since the program’s inception. Many of the lands were previously diked to keep
floodwaters from destroying crops or were land leveled for irrigation or ease of farming.
These alterations limit the micro and macrotopography of sites once hydrology has
been restored. For instance, large leveled rice fields diked around their perimeter
produce large, square bodies of water with no variation in topography when flooded to
create wetlands. While these areas provide habitat for many wildlife species and aquatic plants, providing variations in shape and topography further enhance the
wetlands value to other species as well as its esthetic qualities.