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Evaluation of Spray Drift from Backpack and UTV Spraying

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  Transactions of the ASABE. 60(1): 41-50. (doi: 10.13031/trans.11990) @2017
Authors:   Harold W. Thistle, Jane A. S. Bonds, Gary J. Kees, Bradley K. Fritz
Keywords:   Backpack sprayer, Pesticide deposition, Pesticide drift, Pesticide spray drift, UTV sprayer.

Abstract. The objective of these tests was to evaluate pesticide drift from ground applications using a standard manual pump backpack sprayer and a UTV-mounted boomless sprayer. Three deposition sampler types were deployed: Mylar cards, water-sensitive papers, and artificial foliage. This study indicates that drift of pesticide at 20 m downwind of backpack or UTV spraying was about 0.001 of the applied rate. This order of magnitude of drift was similar for both application methods. In the case of the backpack spraying, deposition decreased to about 0.01 of the applied rate just 1.5 m downwind of the swath edge. In the UTV trials, the closest off-swath measurement was 0.5 m downwind of the downwind swath edge, and deposition there ranged from about 0.5 of the applied rate down to less than 0.001. At 2.5 m downwind of the downwind swath edge, these values ranged from about 0.02 down to near 0.0001 of the applied rate. The study concludes that very small amounts of material were deposited at 20 m downwind, but drifted material was present. This conclusion is reached understanding that these trials were conservative by design, as there was almost no intervening vegetation between the release line and the collectors. The study also confirms the dependence of drift on wind speed in these applications.

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