American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers

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Stored Grain Volume MeasurementUsing a Low Density Point Cloud

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 33(1): 105-112. (doi: 10.13031/aea.11870) @2017
Authors:   Aaron P Turner, Joshua J Jackson, Nicole K Koeninger, Samuel G. McNeill, Michael D. Montross, Mark E. Casada, Josephine M Boac, Rumela Bhadra, Ronaldo G. Maghirang, Sidney A. Thompson
Keywords:   Grain surface, Spatial modeling, Stored grain management.

Abstract. This technical note presents the development of a new apparatus and data processing method to accurately estimate the volume of stored grain in a bin. Specifically, it was developed to account for the variability in surface topography that can occur in large diameter bins when partially unloaded. This was accomplished using a laser distance meter to create a low density point cloud, from which a surface was interpolated using ArcMap geoprocessing tools. The manually controlled and portable system was designed to hold the laser distance meter and provided a common reference point. The data from the laser distance meter was transmitted to a tablet PC via Bluetooth. Measurement of an empty hopper bottom bin (4.6 m in diameter and 6.5 m tall) demonstrated that the system was able to measure a known volume within 0.02%, and repeated measures of an empty flat bottom bin (1.8 m in diameter, and 5.7 m tall) were within 0.29% of the known volume. Two applications are presented which highlight the system‘s ability to capture complex surfaces, as well as limitations that result from fill scenarios where the field of view was limited.

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