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Effectiveness of Different Herbicide Applicators Mounted on a Roller/Crimper for Accelerated Rye Cover Crop Termination
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 25(6): 819-826. (doi: 10.13031/2013.29233) @2009
Authors: T. S. Kornecki, A. J. Price, R. L. Raper, J. S. Bergtold
Keywords: Chemical termination, Conservation agriculture, Cover crop, Glyphosate, Mechanical termination, Roller/crimper
In a weed-free field with ideal weather conditions, a cash crop can be planted 3 weeks after rolling a mature cereal rye winter cover crop without using herbicides. However, cloudy and wet weather can delay the rolling and/or desiccation of rye, thereby delaying cash crop planting which can negatively impact yield. One effective way to reduce the time between rolling and planting is to spray herbicide while rolling. However, a continuous spray may not be required if a roller/crimper is used due to the additive effect of the roller. Two different methods of applying glyphosate (RoundupTM) to rolled rye were compared. First, a felt strip saturated with herbicide was attached to the roller's crimping bar to provide glyphosate application with every crimp. The second method consisted of a boom (five nozzles controlled by solenoid valves) mounted on the roller applying a spray continuously, and intermittent spray every second crimp, or every fourth crimp. The average results over three growing seasons showed that 7 days after rolling, rye termination rates for all rolled/glyphosate treatments surpassed 90% (91% for glyphosate saturated felt strip and 98% for continuous spray), exceeding the termination rates for rye recommended to planting cash crops into rye residue cover. For the roller/crimper alone and the non-treated check (standing rye), termination rates were 82% and 54%, respectively. Since spraying glyphosate every fourth crimp provided a 93% termination rate one week after rolling, this method may facilitate planting the cash crop in a timely fashion while reducing input costs. Economic savings of $12.63 to $36.87 ha1 may be attained by incorporating herbicide applications with rolling activities. One and two weeks after the rolling treatment, volumetric soil moisture content for all rolled rye/chemical treatments were significantly higher than the non-treated check.(Download PDF) (Export to EndNotes)