American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers

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Evaluation of a Self-Propelled Citrus Fruit Pick-Up Machine

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 25(6): 863-868. (doi: 10.13031/2013.29228) @2009
Authors:   G. C. Bora, R. Ehsani
Keywords:   Citrus, Pick-up, Mechanical harvesting, Performance evaluation

Mechanical harvesting of citrus is becoming popular due to shortage of labor. A citrus fruit pick-up machine developed by Oxbo International Corp. (Clear Lake, Wis.) was tested for its performance and productivity. The machine was evaluated for its picking rate, picking efficiency, field capacity, and its efficiency for removing undesirable fruit and trash. The performance test was conducted under different ranges of forward speed and grove conditions. The average picking rate was 161, 97, and 94 kg/min for ridge, bed, and swale citrus orchard conditions, respectively. The picking efficiency was 97%, 91%, and 80% for ridge, bed and swale grove conditions, respectively. The average field capacity was about 0.14 ha/h. No major undesired materials were picked up by the pick-up machine during the evaluation test.

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