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Modeling Receptor Odor Exposure from Swine Production Sources Using CAM
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 24(6): 821-837. @2008
Authors: S. J. Hoff, D. S. Bundy, J. D. Harmon
Keywords: Odor, Dispersion, Gaussian Plume Model, Swine, Emissions, CAM
A model, called the Community Assessment Model for Odor Dispersion (CAM), was developed to predict receptor odor exposure from multiple swine production sources. The intended use of CAM was to provide a tool for evaluating the odor exposure to receptors in a community when siting new swine production systems and how a change in odor control technologies alters the odor exposure to receptors. CAM can handle up to 20 swine production sources with up to 100 receptors in a community of any size. The model incorporates historical average local weather data, coordinate locations of all sources and receptors, ground and above-ground area sources, seasonal variations in odor emission, source production footprint and orientation, and documented proven odor mitigation technologies. CAM does not predict the influence of calm conditions(wind speeds = 1.03m/s), topography, or obstruction downwash. CAM predicts the number of hours of exposure to weak (2:1) and greater or identifiable (7:1) and greater odors and these are used to assess a siting decision. CAM was compared against field collected odor concentration data and was found, using a technique of quantile-quantile plots, to over-predict observed odor concentrations by 1.49 for downwind distances between 152 and 1524 m in one comparison study. In a second comparative study, CAM over-predicted observed odor concentrations by 1.91, 1.31, and 1.35 for downwind distances of greater than 150, 275, and 300m, respectively.