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HEALTH EFFECTS OF AERIAL EMISSIONS FROM ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Pp. 225-262 in Animal Agriculture and the Environment: National Center for Manure and Animal Waste Management White Papers. J. M. Rice, D. F. Caldwell, F. J. Humenik, eds. 2006. St. Joseph, Michigan: ASABE. .
Authors: S. S. Schiffman, B. W. Auvermann, R. W. Bottcher
The rapid proliferation of concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) over the last decade has raised concerns about health effects of aerial emissions from animal production and waste management systems. These aerial emissions are predominantly a mixture of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), ammonia (NH3), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and particulate matter (PM) (including bioaerosols). The purpose of this paper is to review the known health effects of each of these components of aerial emissions from CAFOs. The potential health effects of malodors associated with these emissions will be addressed as well.