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IMPACT OF CONTROLLED DRAINAGE ON RICE PRODUCTION, IRRIGATION WATER REQUIREMENT AND SOIL SALINITY IN EGYPT
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Paper number 701P0304, .
Authors: B. M. Khalil, S, T. Abdel-Gawad, J. A. Millette
Keywords: Controlled drainage, Water management, Rice production, Nile Delta
The need for water resources management evolves when water becomes scarce. In arid regions
like Egypt, where the water resources are limited, a gap exists between the supply and the
gradually increased demands. The agriculture sector is using more than 80% of the available
water to irrigate approximately 3.3 million ha. The Irrigation Improvement Program (IIP) was
designed and implemented in the early 1980 to involve farmers in the management of the
irrigation water system at the farm level. At the same time, attention was given to manage the
drainage water at some experimental rice fields. After the crop liberalization policy in 1992, the
controlled drainage systems were implemented in some pilot areas.