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ACUTE SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS OF AIR TEMPERATURE, HUMIDITY, AND VELOCITY ON HOMEOSTASIS OF MARKET–SIZE BROILERS

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  Transactions of the ASAE. Vol. 46(2): 491–497 . (doi: 10.13031/2013.12971) @2003
Authors:   X. Tao, H. Xin
Keywords:   Body temperature, Heat stress, Telemetry, Temperature humidity index (THI), Temperature humidity velocity index (THVI), Thermoregulation

Core body temperature (tb) of market–size male broilers (46 .3 d; 2.8 .0.1 kg; Ross . Ross breed) was continuously measured by telemetry during acute, 90– to 240–min exposures to 18 thermally challenging conditions. The thermal conditions consisted of 18 factorial combinations of three dry–bulb air temperatures (tdb; 35.C, 38.C, and 41.C), two dewpoint temperatures (tdp; 19.4.C and 26.1.C), and three air velocities (V; 0.2, 0.7, and 1.2 m s–1). Based on tb rise after 90–min exposures to the thermal conditions, a temperature–humidity–velocity index (THVI) was developed to delineate the synergistic effects of the thermal components on the birds, having the form of THVI = (0.85tdb + 0.15twb) . V–0.058, where twb = wet–bulb temperature. The homeostasis state of the bird was classified as normal, alert, danger, or emergency, which correspond to a tb rise threshold of 1.0.C, 2.5.C, 4.0.C, or >4.0.C, respectively. These different homeostasis states were functionally and graphically expressed in terms of THVI and exposure time. For example, if the broilers were acutely exposed to a thermal condition for 90 min, then the THVI threshold for the normal, alert, danger, and emergency state would be about 35.C, 38.C, 40.C, and >40.C, respectively. If the exposure duration was increased to 120 min, the THVI threshold would drop to 34.C, 37.C, 38.C, and >38.C, respectively. The results of this study serve as a scientific basis for making management decisions and risk assessment associated with market–size broiler production and handling under thermally challenging conditions.

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