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WORKING CONDITIONS & ERGONOMICS WHEN MILKING COWS
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Pp. 059-065 in Fifth International Dairy Housing Proceedings of the 29-31 January 2003 Conference (Fort Worth, Texas USA) 701P0203.(doi:10.13031/2013.11603)
Authors: P. Lundqvist, M. Stäl and S. Pinzke
Keywords: Dairy production, working conditions, ergonomics, milking
When milking cows in stanchion barns, milkers use various working postures and movements that
involve walking, sitting, rising, squatting, kneeling, stooping, bending twisting and stretching.
They must do this while holding a load of 3-6 kg (cluster, teat cups) in one hand under the cow's
udder at a relatively long distance from the body. This is still the usual working situation for many
farmers and farm workers in Swedish dairy production. An increasing part of the Swedish dairy
farms have now loose-housing system with parlor milking, which reduces a lot of the ergonomic