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Reference Crop Evapotranspiration from Temperature

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 1(2): 96-99. (doi: 10.13031/2013.26773) @1985
Authors:   George H. Hargreaves, Zohrab A. Samani
Keywords:   Crop coefficient, Evapotranspiration, Reference crop evapotranspiration

MEASURED lysimeter evapotranspiration of Alta fescue grass (a cool season grass) is taken as an index of reference crop evapotranspiration (ETo). An equation is presented that estimates ETo from measured values of daily or mean values of maximum and minimum temperature. This equation is compared with various other methods for estimating ETo. The equation was developed using eight years of daily lysimeter data from Davis, California and used to estimate values of ETo for other locations. Comparisons with other methods with measured cool season grass evapotranspiration at Aspendale, Australia; Lompoc, California; and Seabrook, New Jersey; with lysimeter data from Damin, Haiti; and with the modified Penman for various locations in Bangladesh indicated that the method usually does not require local calibration and that the estimated values are probably as reliable and useable as those from the other estimating methods used for comparison. Considering the scarcity of complete and reliable climatic data for estimating crop water requirements in developing countries, this proposed method can do much to improve irrigation planning design and scheduling in the developing countries.

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